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The aim of the project is to give students the opportunity of elaborating their doctoral theses, in the framework of European cooperation between the universities involved in the project.
The PhD offers activities and seminars providing a specialization in methods and techniques of research, strictly connected to the subject of the theses. The aim of the European Literature Curriculum is to develop transnational literary research facing different research methods and using different languages; to create a group of joung researchers working all on a commun topic to exchange experiences and results.
EDGES:is one of the topics. The constantly receive a linguistic training. These seminars and activities will be organized by Edges curriculum in collaboration with the University of Bologna and various associate partners: Associazione Orlando, Bologna Municipality, Emilia Romagna Region, Hera Group and the several Associations of Women Stakeholders. Research training activities compliant with the Doctoral programme's learning outcomes European Literature Curriculum: The PhD program is the same in all Universities; it has compulsif topics for all PhD students: Tragedy in European Literature.
Organisation: First year - Research and Papers on: 1. History of literature 2. History of ideas 3. Art and literature 4. Computer-based textual analysis Second year - Research and Papers on: 1. Study of a chosen literary work 2.Of, relating to, or characteristic of a group of people sharing a common cultural or national heritage and often sharing a common language or religion.
Being a member of a particular ethnic group, especially belonging to a national group by heritage or culture but residing outside its national boundaries: ethnic Hungarians living in northern Serbia. Of, relating to, or distinctive of members of such a group: ethnic restaurants; ethnic art.
A member of a particular ethnic group, especially one who maintains the language or customs of the group. Word History: When it is said in a Middle English text written before that a part of a temple fell down and "mad a gret distruccione of ethnykis," one wonders which ethnicity was singled out for death. The word ethnic in this context, however, means "gentile," coming as it does from the Greek adjective ethnikos, meaning "national, foreign, gentile.
The current sense of the word emerged in the 19th century, probably under the influence of other words going back to Greek ethnos, such as ethnography and ethnology.
Sociology denoting or deriving from the cultural traditions of a group of people: the ethnic dances of Slovakia. Usage: Referring to a person as an ethnic is broadly acceptable in the US, Australia, and Canada, but could well cause offence in the UK and elsewhere. See ethno - -ic ]. Switch to new thesaurus. ADJ 1. Mentioned in? References in periodicals archive? The ethnics must keep their arms and ready to struggle again as we have done for the last 67 years or so.
Which is lesser of the Two Evils?
Starting in the interwar years and accelerating in post World War Two period, Germans took up an identity as "white ethnics. But the fading novelty factor, plus a national economy pinched by high oil prices, natural disasters, and the protracted conflict in Iraq--not to mention product performance and ethnics ' special grooming needs, have caused the ethnic sector, again like the mainstream, to settle into a more reasonable pattern of interspersing use of traditional ethnic-specific products with non-ethnic-specific splurge items.
Culture stock: the ethnic HBC market is growing to the point where specialty is too narrow a description. Some of the history textbooks Malkin indignantly quotes probably do err on the side of dismissing all World War II-era concerns about subversive activities by Japanese ethnics as unfounded paranoia. Defending repression: why are conservatives trying to rehabilitate McCarthyism and the Japanese internment?
Although "Americanization" was clearly a force among second-generation ethnicsand class "status" in the American context meant a strict gender definition of "appropriate" women's work, this does not mean that all farm women, even those of English background, shared this vision of womanhood.
Gender and the family labor system: defining work in the rural Midwest. This article explores the underlying processes that influence the ways in which mainstream and ethnic media shape ethnic minority audiences' self-concepts.
Mainstream versus ethnic media: How they shape ethnic pride and self-esteem among ethnic minority audiences. The main focus of this paper is the study of socio-structural explanations of racial and ethnic conflict, the establishment of ethnicowned and -operated businesses, the political behavior of immigrant-origin ethnic minorities, the theories of ethnic enclaves and immigrant transnationalism, the complexity of contemporary urban ethnic and immigrant communities, and processes mediating ethnic representations.
The mechanics of immigrant ethnic identity construction. Choosing ethnic identity explores the ways in which people are able to choose their ethnic identities in contemporary multiethnic societies such as the USA and Britain. Choosing ethnic identity. Students of color demanded better access to higher education, changes in the curriculum, the recruitment of more professors of color, and the creation of ethnic studies programs. The history, development, and future of ethnic studies.
This is the third edition of this classic text and perhaps nothing points to the rapidity with which America's racial and ethnic landscape has metamorphasized during the first half of the s than the fact that the authors felt it necessary to revise their text once again only six years after their last edition. Dictionary browser? Full browser? Kennedy; "ethnic food" ethnicalcultural social - living together or enjoying life in communities or organized groups; "a human being is a social animal"; "mature social behavior".I would like to express my thanks to the Cultural Association of Brescia CCDC — Cooperativa Cattolico-democratica di Cultura for this opportunity to share with you my ideas on Europe, its past, present and future.
I think that this headline nicely reflects the contradictions and hopes which have existed in Europe since the fall of the Iron Curtain. There are concerns about whether the newly arrived people from the East — or, more precisely, from Eastern Europe — hold the same values and have the same civilisation as that of Western Europe.
The title also embodies a yearning for the true unity which was denied to the continent for fifty years. That is why our experiences are so very different, and one of the most important tasks for each and every one of us is to do our utmost to overcome this estrangement.
The first involves the fall of the Berlin Wall in November For Europeans, this symbolised the end of the Cold War.
I watched the process on a television news programme which originated in Moscow. We were still apart from free and democratic Europe. We had not been the masters of our own destinies since the Soviet Union still occupied the Baltic States in The second scene, which takes place 10 years later, in An experienced French ambassador who had worked in the Soviet Union on several occasions during his distinguished career, a diplomat who was familiar with the totalitarian Soviet regime and the behind-the-scenes battles of the Cold War.
The Baltic States cannot be protected, and we Europeans want good relations with Russia. It was not long before the allies died for Danzig in Northern Africa, Normandy and Italy, while the bargaining in Munich did not save the continent from war. With great relief, we can note that the 20 th century, with its social upheavals, bloody wars and inhuman challenges, is now irreversibly in the past.
Two totalitarian regimes — Nazism and Communism. Two world wars which erased the lives of millions of people. What a terrible cost for Europeans to pay in return for the understanding that there must be economic and political co-operation which, for all eternity, excludes war as a means for resolving conflicts or misunderstandings among neighbours.
Most of you belong to a generation in which war and even memory of war is a theoretical construct. For me, as for most Eastern Europeans and Balts, war is a part of my personal experience. For us, the war did not end in I felt a sense of personal triumph at having overcome the historical and geopolitical determinations to which my country and my nation had fallen victim.
And yet I also had to think about my grandparents, who senselessly lost their lives in the concentration camps of the Gulag. I had to think about my mother and father, who lost their health and their youth in Siberia.
I was born in the Gulag into a captive world, and yet history had other plans for me. It is precisely this personal experience which turned me into a dedicated European, a woman who considers tolerance and respect for human rights to be principles of the highest order. Each person knows his or her own story best.Hawaiianany of the aboriginal people of Hawaiidescendants of Polynesians who migrated to Hawaii in two waves: the first from the Marquesas Islandsprobably about ad ; the second from Tahiti in the 9th or 10th century.
The Hawaiians were a brown-skinned people with straight or wavy black hair. They were large and of fine physique, like the New Zealand Maoriwhose language resembled theirs. The ruling classes tended to inbreed. Polygyny and polyandry were practiced, especially among the chiefs. Rank descended mainly through the mother. The next subdivision was called the ili; it was either subservient to the ahupuaa or independent.
Within the ili were small areas, kuleanas, occupied by the common people, who also had certain rights of fishery, water, and mountain products.
Besides open-sea fisheries, there were stone-walled fish ponds, some now 1, years old, built semicircularly from the shore. Taro was raised in terraces flooded by conduits from streams.
Elaborate systems of water rights were evolved. A conqueror or a successor king often redistributed the lands. Without metals, pottery, or beasts of burden, the people made implementsweapons, and utensils of stone, wood, shell, teeth, and bone, and great skill was displayed in arts and industries.FEDERICO RAMPINI
Their featherwork capes, robes, helmets, leis, kahilis has not been excelled. Houses were of wood frames and thatched, with stone floors covered with mats.
Food was cooked in holes in the ground, called imus, by means of hot stones; but many foods, including fish, were often eaten raw. Many of the best foods were taboo to women. Men usually wore only a malo, or girdle, and women a skirt of tapa, or paper cloth, or leaves or fibre, though both sometimes wore mantles thrown over the shoulders. Canoes were outrigger or double, sometimes feet 30 m long. The men were excellent sailors, fishermen, and swimmers.
Their year began on November 20 and consisted of 12 lunar months, with occasionally an intercalary month. The Hawaiians excelled in athletics. Frequent contests were held, even between champions of different islands, in surfboarding on the crests of waves, swimming, wrestling, boxing, spear throwing at each othercoasting while standing on narrow sleds, bowling, and running.
They often gambled, and they made narcotic and fermented drinks of the awa kava or ti roots. They were fond of music, both vocal and instrumental, and had percussion, string, and wind instruments, including a nose flute. Their dances were largely the hula of many varieties. They loved flowers, which they wore in leis around their necks and hats. The Hawaiians were also fond of oratory, poetry, history, storytelling, chants, riddles, conundrumsand proverbs.
Without writing, knowledge of all sorts was preserved and taught to successive generations by persons specially trained for the purpose. The Hawaiians held a vague belief in a future existence. They had four principal gods —Kane, Kanaloa, Ku, and Lono—and innumerable lesser gods and tutelary deities.A Premium Bond is a lottery bond issued by the United Kingdom government since At present it is issued by the government's National Savings and Investments agency.
The principle behind Premium Bonds is that rather than the stake being gambled, as in a usual lotteryit is the interest on the bonds that is distributed by a lottery. The bonds are entered in a monthly prize draw and the government promises to buy them back, on request, for their original price.
The government pays interest into the bond fund 1. Investors can buy bonds at any time and they must be held for a calendar month before they qualify for a prize. Numbers are entered in the draw each month, with an equal chance of winning, until the bond is cashed. As of December there are When introduced to the wider public inthe only other similar game available in the UK was the football poolswith the National Lottery not coming into existence until Although many avenues of lotteries and other forms of gambling are now available to British adults, Premium Bonds are held by more than 22 million people,  equivalent to about 1 in 3 of the UK population.
The term "premium bond" has been used in the English language since at least the late 18th century,  to mean a bond that earns no interest but is eligible for entry into a lottery.
The modern iteration of Premium Bonds were introduced by Harold Macmillanas Chancellor of the Exchequerin his Budget of 17 April to control inflation  and encourage people to save. ERNIE is a hardware random number generator. The designers were Tommy Flowers  and Harry Fensom and it derives from Colossusone of the world's first digital computers.
ERNIE 3 in was the size of a personal computer;  at the end of its life it took five and a half hours to complete its monthly draw. In contrast, pseudorandom numbersalthough sometimes simply referred to as random, are produced deterministically by the algorithm used to generate them. The randomness of ERNIE's numbers derived from random statistical fluctuations in the physical processes involved. ERNIE's output was independently tested each month by the Government Actuary's Departmentthe draw being valid only if it was certified to be statistically consistent with randomness.
It uses quantum technology to produce random numbers through light, replacing the former 'thermal noise' method. Running at speeds 21, times faster than the first ERNIE, it can produce 3 million winners in just 12 minutes each month. It is also referenced by Jethro Tull in their album Thick as a Brick.
Winners of the jackpot are told on the first working day of the month, although the actual date of the draw varies. The online prize finder  is updated by the third or fourth working day of the month. In Octoberthe odds returned to 24, to 1 with the prize fund interest rate increase. The prize fund is equal to one month's interest on all bonds eligible for the draw. The following table lists the distribution of prizes on offer in the December [update] draw.
Premium Bonds under various names exist or have existed in various countries. Similar programs to UK Premium Bonds include:. In two financial economists, Lobe and Hoelzl, analysed the main driving factors for the immense marketing success of Premium Bonds.
One in three Britons invest in Premium Bonds. The thrill of gambling is significantly boosted by enhancing the skewness of the prize distribution.
Etnie, culture e unità dell'Europa
However, using data collected over the past fifty years, they found that the bond bears relatively low risk compared to many other investments. Aaron Brown discusses in a book Premium Bonds in comparison with equity-linkedcommodity-linked and other "added risk" bonds. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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December Learn how and when to remove this template message.Posta un commento. Pagine Home page. Carta con l'antica Troade. I suoi successori ottennero che le mura di Troia fossero costruite da Apollo e Poseidone. Il viaggio di Odisseo Ulisse al ritorno dalla guerra. Gli Eraclidi, nella mitologia greca, sono sia i figli di Eracle, in particolare di Eracle e Deianira, sia i loro discendenti, e vengono definiti Eraclidi anche i 50 figli che Eracle ebbe dalle figlie di Tespio, chiamati poi Tespiadi, mentre soggiornava presso di lui.
Carta del a. Parlavano una lingua indoeuropea del gruppo osco-umbro, l'umbro, scritta con alfabeto proprio di derivazione greco-occidentale, non molto dissimile dagli altri alfabeti italici. Occuparono un'area che in epoca classica si estendeva dall'alta e media valle del Tevere fino al mar Adriatico, comprendendo anche l'odierna Romagna: delimitata dal Tevere ad ovest e dall'Adriatico ad est.
Inizialmente gli Umbri avevano occupato anche i territori dell'odierna Toscana e della Valle Padana, solo successivamente conquistati da Etruschi e Galli questo territorio viene chiamato "Grande Umbria".
Le conoscenze che si hanno fino ad ora sul popolo umbro, emergono attraverso i dati combinati delle fonti storiche Scilace, Erodoto, Dionisio di Alicarnasso, Strabone, Plinio il Vecchio, etc. Carta con l'ubicazione della cultura proto-celtica di.
Il 9 maggio si celebra la festa dellEuropa 2020
Antica rappresentazione di Eingana. Cartina dell'Europa e Mediterraneo nell'XI sec. Per "Storia dell'Europa n. Pubblicato da andrea. Etichette: Storia dell'Europa.
Nessun commento:. Iscriviti a: Commenti sul post Atom. Clicca sull'immagine per ingrandirla. Carta con le antiche Micene,Troia, Sparta e l'isola di Chio.
Genealogia degli dei dell'Olimpo nei poemi omerici. Sicilia arcaica con Elimi, Sicani, Siculi. La Grecia dei primordi, con gli stanziamenti di Ioni, Eoli e Dori. I Dori del Nord sono distinti dagli altri Dori.
Sono distinti gli Arcadi, probabilmente discendenti dei Pelasgi. I dialetti Italici parlati nel centro-sud nel a. Carta con l'ubicazione della cultura proto-celtica di Canegrate e quella celtica lepontica di Golasecca, nel nordovest italico.
Gli antichi Euganei abitavano palafitte lungo laghi e fiumi e le Anguane sono la loro mitica rappresentazione che ne determina il nome nelle varianti etnonimiche: in retico Anauni, in ligure Ingauni.Posta un commento.
A Kyiv vivono circa 50 islamici, ma la gran parte sono di origine straniera. Ecco il risultato di un sondaggio realizzato dal Razumkov Centre sulla situazione religiosa in Ucraina :. L' Ucraina - nella maggior parte - e' un paese ortodosso cattolico ricco di un patrimonio culturale molto variegato. Molte chiese maestose e belle, ognuna delle quali ha un background interessante ricco di storia.
Oggi, fortunatamente si possono evidenziare e visitare nella loro pura bellezza architettonica, quelle che in quel periodo hanno sofferto molto rischiando la distruzione totale. La chiesa fu costruita sui mezzi ferroviari di Lviv e fu destinata come il principale tempio del distretto ferroviario. L'edificio doveva chiudere la vista della Cattedrale di San Giorgio per coloro che arrivavano alla stazione ferroviaria di Lviv. Ora la chiesa, costruita in onore dell'imperatrice austriaca, appartiene ai cattolici greci.
Durante la guerra ucraino-polacca della chiesa fu attaccata dall'artiglieria ucraina. Durante il periodo sovietico, il tempio fu abbandonato agli anni ' I tubi dell'organo sono stati smantellati e buttati via. Chiesa San Pietro e Paolo Citta' di Lutsk, nord-ovest Ucraina. Vicino al tempio immediatamente stabilito il fondamento del collegio gesuita. I fondi per la costruzione del complesso gesuita sono stati assegnati con l'aiuto del vescovo Pavel Volutsky.
Le imponenti dimensioni del tempio ripetono il tipico campanile per i cattolici. Cattedrale di San Giorgio L'iniziatore della costruzione era il Metropolitano cattolico greco Athanasius Sheptytsky, morto due anni dopo l'inizio della costruzione. Tutti gli obblighi finanziari si trovano sulle spalle del nipote - il nuovo vescovo di Lviv e il metropolita di Kyiv Leo Sheptytsky.
In onore dei patroni celesti dei due fondatori della cattedrale del genere Sheptytsky, il genio Ioan Georg Pinsel ha creato le sculture dei Santi Leone e Atanazia. Ora stanno all'entrata del tempio. Ritornato ai suoi cattolici greci solo nel Chiesa di San Giuseppe